Distorsión de la Realidad en el Proceso de Escritura del Realismo Mágico de Gabriel García Márquez
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Magical realism, as a movement and narrative style, is widely related to Latin American writers, among whom Gabriel García Márquez is its greatest exponent. The works of the author share several similarities that when analyzed more thoroughly let the reader seeing two worlds, magical realism and the underlying reality that it covers. Making use of situations characteristic of his work, García Márquez manages to give his reader a portrait of human nature. Taking as a starting point some stories present in the anthology La increíble y triste historia de la cándida Eréndira y de su abuela desalmada and Del amor y otros demonios, this thesis focuses on the development of the physical environment (specifically the presence of water), The society and the protagonist as elements 'distorted' in the Colombian narrative that give way to a reading of symbolism and human interaction. While water serves as an omen of magical realism, society presents itself in a 'collective self' which is influenced by exuberance, the main feature of this narrative style. Through an analysis of the elements mentioned above, there is also a discussion on the solitude of Latin Americans, and the human being in general, a characteristic that becomes evident in front of the collective and the physical environment.